limestone weathering on historical monuments in cairo egypt

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Limestone weathering of historical monuments in Cairo, Egypt

The limestone weathering was assessed with respect o weathering forms, weathering products and weathering profiles. A classification scheme of weathering forms and their intensities was tailored to optimal applicability for all Cairo historical monuments constructed from limestones.

GPR scan assessment at Mekaad Radwan Ottoman – Cairo, Egypt

Mekaad Radwan is one of the civil architectural buildings that were founded by the Ottoman Pasha Radwan who was the governor of Al Mansoura governorate in the Ottoman period in Egypt.The Mekaad has been built in the 17th century in old Cairo at the front of Bawabet Elmetwalli and behind Souq El Khayameya. The monument is a part of a complex known as Radwan Palace or Qasabet Radwan …

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Enhancing the Durability of Calcareous Stone Monuments …

The limestone blocks (samples) were collected from the quarry of Mokattam limestone plateau east of Cairo city, one of the most important limestone quarries in Egypt. Most limestone blocks used in construction works of historical monuments in historic Cairo came from the Al-mokattam quarries.

The Great Sphinx of Egypt: Nature's Shabby-Chic Trick?

Most Egyptologists attribute the carving of the Great Sphinx to King Khafra of the Old Kingdom's Fourth Dynasty, approximately 2,500 B.C. A pre-dynastic dating of the Sphinx resulting from the water erosion hypothesis was first suggested by author John A. West in his book Serpent in the Sky.This was followed up in 1992 in a paper by geologist Dr. Robert M. Schoch, Redating the Great Sphinx of ...

The effect of the reciprocal relations of the ...

In the present study, since historic Cairo established, limestone and woods have been used for building construction alongside. The building materials representingcase studies in historic Cairo are affected by different deterioration factors, such as rising ground water level, the salt weathering, air pollution, frequency between temperatureandrelative humidity, and microbiological ...

Cleopatra's Needle: Tracing obelisk weathering with old ...

Dec 12, 2010· Historic photos are essential for research on monument weathering. With free internet access to archives, such photos are now easier to find than previously. Below, I will show the case of Cleopatra's Needle, a famous Ancient Egyptian obelisk transferred to New York in 1880. Its severe weathering occupied Erhard Winkler, a pioneer on the history…

Cairo Landmarks and Monuments: Cairo, Egypt

Cairo is full of ancient landmarks, which are numerous and stand alongside more contemporary monuments that are the result of modern Egypt under the legacy of founding leader Abdul Nasser. The monuments of Cairo are all fascinating to visit and offer an insight into ancient civilisations and customs.

Limestone weathering of historical monuments in Cairo ...

Limestone weathering of historical monuments in Cairo, Egypt By Bernd Fitzner, Kurt Heinrichs and Dennis LaBouchardiere Publisher: Off. for Off. Publ. of the Europ.

limestone mineral composition - YouTube

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Limestone weathering of historical monuments in Cairo, Egypt

Abstract. Since pharaonic times local limestones have been used in Cairo for monument construction. Weathering damage on many historical stone monuments in Cai

Carbonate Rock Resources, Facies, Weathering, Preservation ...

The industrial use of carbonate rocks depends on physical and chemical properties. These properties are the result of the sedimentary and diagenetic history of the rocks. In many cases, the 'primary...

Limestone weathering on historical monuments in Cairo, Egypt

Limestone weathering on historical monuments in Cairo, Egypt BERND FITZNER, KURT HEINRICHS & DENNIS LA BOUCHARDIERE Geological Institute, Aachen University, Working group 'Natural stones and weathering', Wuellnerstrasse 2, D-52062 Aachen, Germany (e-mail:[email protected])

Natural stone, weathering phenomena, conservation ...

ISBN: 1862391238 9781862391239 1862391297 9781862391291: OCLC Number: 51870529: Description: vi, 448 pages : illustrations (some color), maps ; 26 cm

The influence of temperature in a capillary imbibition ...

During this work, cylindrical limestone samples (2 cm diameter and approx. 4 cm length) from Mokattam group, one of the most frequent materials in historic Cairo, were subjected, in a purpose-made simulation chamber, to laboratory salt weathering tests with a 10% weight NaCl solution at different temperatures (20, 30, 40 °C).

Limestone weathering of historical monuments in Cairo, Egypt

Jan 01, 2002· Limestone weathering of historical monuments in Cairo, Egypt Fitzner, B.; ... The ADS is operated by the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory under NASA Cooperative Agreement NNX16AC86A. Resources About ADS ADS Help What's New [email protected] ...

Famous Landmarks in Giza & Cairo, Egypt | USA Today

Giza is now a suburb of Cairo, and the pyramids are certainly the most-famous draw of the area. But Cairo holds other wonders well worth a visit, including the Cairo Museum. Famous Landmarks in ...

Limestone weathering on historical monuments in Cairo, Egypt

The limestone weathering was assessed with respect to weathering forms, weathering products and weathering profiles. A classification scheme of weathering forms and their intensities was tailored to optimal applicability for all Cairo historical monuments constructed from limestones.

International Journal of ChemTech Research

Microbial deterioration of limestone was studied on samples taken from Sultan Hassan mosque, the Islamic monument located in Cairo, Egypt. Stone samples were collected by nondestructive methods from outdoor and indoor of the mosque and were tested for inhabitance by microflora (bacteria and fungi), outdoor and indoor airospora was also ...

Weathering damage on Pharaonic sandstone monuments in ...

Fitzner et al. [11] indicated that salt loading of the sandstones is an important weathering factor for damage on pharaonic sandstone monuments in Luxor-Egypt. Salt crystallization and earthquakes ...

The Geology of Egypt - UCL

The Geology of Egypt. The three layers. A layer of limestone covers most of the surface of modern Egypt. Beneath this lies a bed of sandstone, and this earlier sandstone is the surface rock in Nubia and southern Upper Egypt, as far north as the area between Edfu and Luxor.

Table of contents for Library of Congress control number ...

Preface vii SIEGESMUND, S., WEISS, T. & VOLLBRECHT, A. Natural stone, weathering phenomena, 1 conservation strategies and case studies: introduction Weathering of natural building stones ONDRASINA, J., KIRCHNER, D. & SIEGESMUND, S. Freeze-thaw cycles and their influence on 9 marble deterioration: a long-term experiment THOMACHOT, C. & JEANNETTE, D. Evolution of the …

Weathering of Calcarenite Monuments at Roman and Byzantine ...

Mar 22, 2014· The Roman and Byzantine monuments at Sabratha in northwest Libya represent cultural heritage of remarkable global significance. This report describes the weathering damage of calcarenites, the most dominant stone type used in the construction of monuments in the ancient city of Sabratha. Stone loss, particularly alveolar weathering, notching and breakout of compact stone fragments, …

limestone mills in egypt - impactpneumatics.co.za

Lizenithne weathering on historical monuments in Cairo, Egypt In Greater Cairo, Egypt (comprising the governorates of Cairo, Giza and Qalubiyya) are located. Previous: mica crushing machines and grinding mill Next: mobile stone crusher price in ghana

Fitzner, B., Heinrichs, K. and Bouchardiers, D. (2002 ...

Fitzner, B., Heinrichs, K. and Bouchardiers, D. (2002) Limestone Weathering of Historical Monuments in Cairo, Egypt. Special Publication, Geological Society of London ...

weathering damage in monuments in egypt

the sandstones is an important weathering factor for damage on pharaonic sandstone monuments in Luxor-Egypt. Salt crystallization and earthquakes were also considered as the most factors that contribute to the damage of Qsar al Bint Petra Jordan [12,13], reported the effect of salt weathering of sandstone on the Angkor monuments, Cambodia ...

limestone weathering on historical monuments in cairo egypt

Limestone weathering on historical monuments in . Weathering damage on many historical stone monuments in Cairo is alarming. Studies on properties and weathering behaviour of the limestones were carried out by means of laboratory tests and in ...

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